Professor Andrew Abbott is a Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Leicester. Professor Abbott specialises in research areas surrounding green chemistry, with a particular emphasis on electrochemical processes. He is actively developing novel solvent systems with industrial applications, such as metal deposition and dissolution. Much of his work to date has been in the development of novel processes using ionic liquids.
WORK STREAM 3: Delivering Recycling
WS3 will investigate the remanufacturing of reclaimed materials into cathode and anode materials, electrodes and cells, the process for materials remanufacturing and upgrading, assess the performance of recovered materials in remanufactured cells, and trial design features facilitating easier and automated pack and module dismantling.
Although a number of organizations are currently piloting shred and sort facilities for the recovery of black mass, it remains the case that there is no significant recycling of or materials recovery from LIBs in the UK. Guided by industrial partners, and building on the IP and know-how from ReLiB’s technology pipeline, WS3 will investigate the remanufacturing of reclaimed materials into cathode and anode materials, electrodes and cells. Cells with at least 80%, by mass, of recycled and reclaimed components will be remanufactured and benchmarked for performance against comparable first use cells. We will prioritise new low cost, low temperature direct recycling/upcycling routes, which will be essential to maintain the value of the active materials streams, particularly for low cobalt cathode chemistries including nickel-rich (LNO) and, increasingly, lithium iron phosphate (LFP). We will use the learning from our dismantling, safety and materials recovery studies to trial new battery designs to facilitate more efficient recycling. Analysis of the ease of disassembly of different configuration pouch cells will be carried out and design for disassembly rules compiled, resulting in a new cell design prototype to enable simpler opening and recycling of material. Preliminary LCA evaluations of recycling processes will be conducted in conjunction with WS2.